The 1st Cavalry Division Museum,
located on Fort Hood, Texas tells the history of 1st Cavalry
Division, both regimental and units, with its vast
collection of military artifacts from 1855 to present. Its exhibits,
both indoor and outdoor, feature a wide selection of historical
equipment, whether it's an armored vehicle or aircraft, it has
touched the division in a unique way and has added to the historical
significance of the First Team.
The Museum offers a number of
programs for Active duty and the public personnel. Programs for
active duty included Threat weapon and vehicle training, and
Iraqi/Arab Culture Awareness Training. Historical programs included
Alamo Siege and Battle Site Staff Ride, Texas Frontier Forts Tour,
1CD in Korea: A Historical Briefing, and the History of the 1st
Cavalry Division. These programs are available to Active duty
military training groups for free. There is a user fee for other
The museum's public programs
included Living History programs on the Revolutionary War, Civil
War, World War II and Vietnam. The Museum's Living History
interpreters will provide an overview of the life and times of
soldiers during these time periods. Staff dressed in reproduction
period uniforms will describe the uniforms, equipment and weapons
used by 1st Cavalry Division troops. These demonstrations will
detail the daily life of the soldier, including food craft, drill
and tactics, recreation and medical care. In addition, if a female
interpreter if available, she will discuss the role of women during
these wars; in the home front and in the field.
The museum’s newest project is
the Lewis and Clark Traveling Trunk. The Museum offers to local
school districts a traveling
trunk telling the story of the Corps of
Discovery. The trunk comer complete with replica materials used and
found during the expedition. This program is available to schools
and other groups from 5th grade and up. There will be a user fee
attached for programs conducted 50 miles or more from Fort Hood,
This museum is another one of
those things that I have just driven by for many years while
visiting Fort Hood. I finally decided to take advantage of some free
time I had to enjoy the museum. I intend to revisit the museum the
next time I am at Fort Hood.
Monday - Friday 9am – 4pm
Saturday 10am – 4pm
Sunday 12am – 4pm
Closed: Christmas, New Year's
Day, Easter, and Thanksgiving.
1st Cavalry Division
56th and 761st Tank Battalion Ave
Fort Hood, TX 76545
The 1st Cavalry Division "First
Team", one of the most decorated combat divisions of the United
States Army, is based at Fort Hood, Texas. It was formed in 1921 and
served during World War II, Korea, Vietnam, the Persian Gulf War,
with the Stabilization Force in Bosnia-Herzegovina, in the Iraq War,
and in the War in Afghanistan (2001-present). As of 2013, the 1st
Cavalry Division is subordinate to III Corps.
The history of the 1st Cavalry
Division began in 1921 as the Army established a permanent cavalry
division with 7,463 officers and men to meet partial mobilization
1st Cavalry Division was assigned
to the VIII Corps Area, with its division headquarters and 2d
Brigade located at Fort Bliss, Texas, and the 1st Brigade at
Douglas, Arizona. The headquarters facilities used by 1st Cavalry
Division were those previously vacated by 8th United States Brigade
when it was commanded by MG John J. Pershing in 1916, and the
wartime 15th Cavalry Division, which had existed at Fort Bliss
between 10 December 1917 and 12 May 1918.
The 1st Cavalry Division’s Troop
List slowly assembled at Douglas, Arizona. The 1st, 7th, and 8th
Cavalry Regiments had previously been assigned to the wartime 15th
Cavalry Division until they were returned to the VIII Corps Area
Troop List on 12 May 1918. 1st Cavalry Regiment remained assigned
until it was transferred to 1st Cavalry Division on 20 August 1921.
The 7th, 8th, and 10th Cavalry Regiments were transferred on 13
September 1921, although the assignment of the 10th Cavalry Regiment
to the 1st Cavalry Division was controversial because the transfer
violated the Jim Crow laws. This controversy continued until 18
December 1922, when the 5th Cavalry Regiment, then on the VIII Corps
Area Troop List, swapped places with the 10th Cavalry Regiment on
the 1st Cavalry Division Troop List.
The 1st Cavalry Division
illustrated all of the aspects of the Army's dilemma between realism
and idealism. In 1923 the 1st Cavalry Division held division
maneuvers for the first time, intending to hold them annually
thereafter. However, financial constraints made that impossible.
Only in 1927, through the generosity of a few ranchers who provided
free land, was the division able to conduct such exercises again. In
1928 Maj. Gen. Herbert B. Crosby, Chief of Cavalry, faced with
personnel cuts in his arm, reorganized the cavalry regiments, which
in turn reduced the size of the 1st Cavalry Division. Crosby's goal
was to decrease overhead while maintaining or increasing firepower
in the regiment. After the reorganization each cavalry regiment
consisted of a headquarters and headquarters troop; a machine gun
troop; a medical and chaplain element; and two squadrons, each with
a headquarters element; and two line troops. The cavalry brigades'
machine gun squadrons were inactivated, while the responsibility for
training and employing machine guns fell to the regimental
commanders, as in the infantry.
By the time of the Vietnam War,
the 1st Cavalry Division was no longer a conventional infantry unit.
It had become an air assault division as the 1st Cavalry Division
(Airmobile), commonly referred to as the 1st Air Cavalry Division.
The use of helicopters on such large scale as troop carriers, cargo
lift ships, MedEvacs, and as aerial rocket artillery, was never
before implemented, but by doing so it freed the infantry from the
tyranny of terrain to attack the enemy at the time and place of
their choosing. In 1965, colors and subordinate unit designations of
the 1st Cavalry Division were transferred from Korea to Fort Benning,
Georgia, where they were used to reflag the existing the 11th Air
Assault Division (Test) into 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile).
Concurrently, the colors and subordinate unit designations were
transferred to Korea to reflag what had been the 1st Cavalry
Division into the 2nd Infantry Division.
If you are a movie buff, you may
remember the 1st Cavalry Division being featured in the 1979 film
Shortly thereafter, the 1st
Cavalry Division (Airmobile) began deploying to Camp Radcliffe, An
Khe, Vietnam, in the Central Highlands and was equipped with the new
M16 rifle, the UH-1 troop carrier helicopter, the AH-1 attack
helicopter, the CH-47 Chinook cargo helicopter, and the massive
CH-54 Skycrane cargo helicopter. All aircraft carried insignia to
indicate their battalion and company.
The 1st Cavalry Division has
earned its nickname as America's First Team by being the first
military unit to accomplish many great things. They were the first
unit into Tokyo, the first into North Korea, the first in Vietnam
and Cambodia, and the first heavy armored division into Iraq. The
Division's motto is "Live the Legend," and when a 1st Cavalry
Trooper is on parade, they proudly recall the name of the old Irish
marching tune that has become synonymous with the cavalry, "Garry
The First Cavalry Division
suffered more casualties than any other division during the Vietnam
War. Vietnam War casualties: 5,444 killed in action; 26,592 wounded